Guava is a tropical fruit rich in nutrition.
With its unique
flavor, taste, and health-promoting qualities, the fruit
fits in the new functional foods category, often called “super-fruits.”
It is an evergreen, tropical shrub
or low-growing small tree probably
originated in Middle Americas. Guavas actually thrive in both humid and
dry climates and can tolerate brief periods of cold spells, but can
survive only a few degrees of frost. Adaptability
makes it a favorite commercial crop in some tropical areas.
benefits of guava fruit
Guavas are low in calories
and fats but contain several vital vitamins,
minerals, and antioxidant poly-phenolic and flavonoid compounds that
play a pivotal role in prevention of cancers, anti-aging,
The fruit is very
rich source of soluble
fiber (5.4 g per 100 g of fruit, about 14% of DRA), which
it a good bulk laxative. The fiber content helps protect the
mucous membrane by decreasing exposure time to toxins as well as
cancer-causing chemicals in the colon.
Guava-fruit is an excellent source of
100 g fresh fruit provides 228 mg of this vitamin, more than three
the DRI (daily-recommended intake). Outer thick rind contains
exceptionally higher levels of vitamin C than central pulp.
Scientific studies shown that regular
consumption of fruits rich in vitamin C helps the body develop
resistance against infectious agents and scavenge cancer causing
harmful free radicals from the body. Further, the vitamin is required
for collagen synthesis within the body. Collagen is the main structural
protein in the human body required for maintaining the integrity of
blood vessels, skin, organs, and bones.
The fruit is a very good
and flavonoids like beta-carotene, lycopene,
cryptoxanthin. The compounds are known to have antioxidant properties
and are essential for optimum health. Further, vitamin-A is also
for maintaining healthy mucus membranes and skin. Consumption of
fruits rich in carotene is known to protect from lung and oral cavity
100 g of pink guava fruit
provides 5204 µg of
lycopene, nearly twice the amount that in tomatoes. (100 g tomato
contains 2573 µg of lycopene). Studies suggest that lycopene
in pink guavas prevents skin damage from UV rays and offers protection
from prostate cancer.
Fresh fruit is a very rich source of
potassium. It contains more
potassium than other fruits like banana weight per weight. Potassium is
an important component of cell and body fluids that helps controlling
heart rate and blood pressure.
Further, the fruit is also a moderate
of B-complex vitamins such as pantothenic acid, niacin, vitamin-B6
(pyridoxine), vitamin E and K, as well as minerals like magnesium,
manganese. Manganese is used by the body as a co-factor for the
antioxidant enzyme, superoxide
dismutase. Copper is required for the
production of red blood cells.
Source of this artilce